How to Reference in an Essay

You may be wondering how to reference in an essay. The good news is that there are many different styles of referencing. Here are the most common ones: APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian. These styles will vary slightly, but they all require the same things. It’s important to choose the right one, however, so that your paper looks its best. Regardless of which style you use, it’s important to cite sources properly.


The first step in referencing a source is to put it in the appropriate format. APA style recommends that you use Times New Roman typeface with one-inch margins on the left, right, and top. The body of your paper should be double-spaced. The first reference should be two lines under the title of your essay, followed by the last name and the initials of both authors. If the author has more than one publication, list their names in order of publication.

If you are writing an essay for class or for a course, APA style requires you to create a title page and reference a source using an APA-style format. A title page should include the author’s name, school affiliation, course title, and date. The title should be short and precise, and the title should be no more than twelve words. You should also include an abstract, which gives readers a brief summary of your paper. Although an abstract is not required, instructors may ask for one. Finally, you should include a reference section at the end of your paper, so that readers can find it easily.


MLA is a style of referencing sources used widely in the humanities. The 8th edition of the MLA manual, published in 2016, contains specific guidelines for referencing sources. It includes the name of the author, the container’s title, contributors, and publication date. In addition, the style specifies the author’s last name, title, and location. This style should be followed if you are citing an original work.

The MLA citation format requires an in-text citation that matches the first word of the full citation. The full citation will be found on the “Works Cited” page. You must create a page for your project even if you are citing only one source. You should include the full citation, with the writer’s last name, page number, and identifying information. Then, include a semicolon after the page number.


When citing sources in an essay, Chicago style citations should be indented and in the order of the title page, with the first author’s name appearing in reverse order. The rest of the authors’ names should be written in normal order, separated by a comma. In addition, Chicago citations should be single-spaced, and the second line of the source should be indented.

The Chicago Manual of Style website offers useful examples of how to cite works in an essay. To start, you must create a list of all sources. You can include full bibliographic information in your endnotes or footnotes. Your instructor may require a bibliography, so it is important to properly cite the sources you use. You should also remember that Chicago style discourages using secondary sources. You must always include a citation in the bibliography, and it should also be in the form of a footnote.


If you’re not sure how to reference Turabian in an essay, you should consult the Turabian manual. This document covers the rules for citing sources, including the correct indentation style. The manual contains sections on notes style, author-date style, and bibliography style. Regardless of which style you choose, make sure you know which sources to use. If you’re unsure of which citation style to use, you can find information on those formats in the left-hand navigation menu.

The Turabian style is often used for student-written papers. Generally, this style requires a standard font with one inch margins. New paragraphs should be indented 1/2 inch, and page numbers should be placed in the bottom center or top right corner. You may use a template to reference Turabian. The template provides instructions for formatting. To use the format correctly, you must use a standard font style.


In an essay, you can use the style of reference referred to as “Vancouver.” It is often used in the natural sciences and medicine. It is also sometimes used in the social sciences. You can find examples of references in Vancouver style at the NTNU University Library. You can also look up the style in a book at the library. To properly reference Vancouver, you can follow these steps. Use a bold or italic font.

The in-text citation should come after the important sentence portion. However, the Vancouver style document does not specify where in an essay to place the reference. References are numbered sequentially in order from the first citation. They should appear in an enclosure throughout the text, tables, and bibliography. Remember to always use the first number if there are similar references. Vancouver style is a bit complicated, but you’ll learn the proper format in no time.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.